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His son Antoine became King of Navarre, on the northern side of the Pyrenees, by marriage in 1555.Two of Antoine's younger brothers were Cardinal Archbishop Charles de Bourbon and the French and Huguenot general Louis de Bourbon, 1st Prince of Condé.The senior line of the House of Bourbon became extinct in the male line in 1527 with the death of Charles III, Duke of Bourbon.This made the junior Bourbon-Vendome branch the genealogically senior branch of the House of Bourbon.Under the will of the childless Charles II, the second grandson of Louis XIV of France was named as his successor, to preclude the union of the thrones of France and Spain.The prince, then Duke of Anjou, became Philip V of Spain.
All future Bourbons would descend from James II's younger brother, Louis, who became the Count of Vendôme through his mother's inheritance.
Both houses were prominent French noble families well known for their participation in French affairs, even during exile in the French Revolution, until their respective extinctions in 18.
In 1700, at the death of Charles II of Spain, the Spanish Habsburgs became extinct in the male line.
The royal Bourbons originated in 1272, when the youngest son of King Louis IX married the heiress of the lordship of Bourbon.
The house continued for three centuries as a cadet branch, serving as nobles under the Direct Capetian and Valois kings.